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新型城镇化背景下的我国城乡公交线网布局模式研究

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新型城镇化背景下的我国城乡公交线网布局模式研究(论文18000字)
摘  要
新型城镇化进程在我国经济不断向前发展的基础上继续推进。城乡区域的产业结构、土地性质正在发生改变,人们逐渐从乡村向城镇迁移。同时,城乡二元结构正逐渐被打破,促进了城乡之间的联系。然而,城乡客运需求在不断增长,原有的客运班线因准点率低、载客量少及运营不规范等问题,已不能适应城乡居民的出行要求,阻碍了城乡经济的发展。让两者保持平衡,方便人们的出行,促进城乡共同发展,成为现在城乡客运的发展重点。在此基础上,本文研究了城乡公交一体化线网布局。
本文介绍了城乡公交一体化的内涵,明确了其目标。讨论了它与新型城镇化进程的关系,并总结了线网布局的几种典型模式的优缺点。分析了城乡客流产生的原因,结合城乡居民出行特征,为适时推进其发展提供理论基础。受到城乡道路条件和公交线路的服务范围的约束,将其划分成三个层级:中心城区、城区—乡镇和镇村公交线路。然后,提出了线网规划的效用评价指标。最后,本文对遂平县进行了实例分析,制订了遂平县城乡公交一体化线网布局模式。
关键词:新型城镇化  城乡公交一体化  线网布局
Research on Layout Pattern of Urban and Rural Public Transport Network in China under the Background of New Urbanization

[资料来源:http://THINK58.com]

Abstract
The new urbanization process continues to advance on the basis of the continuous development of China's economy. The industrial structure and land quality of urban and rural areas are changing, and people gradually move from rural to urban areas.At the same time, urban and rural dual structure is gradually being broken, promoting the link between urban and rural areas.However, the demand for urban and rural passenger transport is growing, the original passenger line due to low punctuality rate, less passenger capacity and operational irregularities and other issues, can not meet the travel requirements of urban and rural residents. To keep the balance , facilitate people's travel, promote the development of urban and rural areas, urban and rural areas to become the focus of development.On this basis, this paper studies the integration of urban and rural public transport network layout.
This paper analyzes the connotation of urban and rural public transport integration and clarifies its development goals.Analyzes the relationship between the new urbanization process and the urban-rural public transportation integration process, and summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of several typical models of the network layout.Analyzes the causes of urban and rural passenger flow, combined with the characteristics of urban and rural residents travel, in order to promote its development to provide a theoretical basis.By the urban and rural road conditions and the scope of the bus line of service constraints,it will be divided into three levels: the central city, urban - township and town and village bus lines.Then, the evaluation index of the utility network is put forward.Finally, this paper analyzes the case of Suiping County, and formulated the layout pattern of integrated urban and rural transportation network in Suiping County.

[资料来源:http://www.THINK58.com]


Key words:New urbanization;Urban and rural public transport integration;Line layout
 
目录
摘要    I
ABSTRACT    II
第一章 绪论    1
1.1研究背景    1
1.2研究对象和意义    1
1.3研究内容    1
1.4国内外研究概况    2
1.4.1国外研究概况    2
1.4.2国内研究概况    2
1.5研究方法和技术路线    3
1.5.1研究方法    3
1.5.2技术路线    3
第二章 城乡公交一体化模式    5
2.1新型城镇化与城乡公交一体化的关系    5
2.1.1城乡公交一体化的内涵    5
2.1.2 城乡公交一体化的发展目标    5
2.1.3实现城乡公交一体化的优势    5
2.1.4城乡公交一体化的发展环境    5
2.1.5新型城镇化建设与城乡公交一体化建设的关系    6 [版权所有:http://think58.com]
2.2城乡公交一体化线网系统    6
2.3城乡公交一体化线网层次划分    7
2.3.1公交线网的分级    7
2.3.2层级公交线网的功能    7
1.城区公交线网    7
2.4城乡居民出行分析    8
2.4.1城乡客流的产生    8
2.4.2城乡居民出行的特征    8
2.4.3城乡居民出行的方式选择    9
第三章 城乡公交线网布局模式分析    10
3.1城乡公交线网布局典型模式    10
3.2节点的选取    13
3.3城乡公交线网合理规模的确定    13
3.3.1线网规模指标    13
3.3.2线网规模的影响因素    14
3.3.3线网规模指标的计算方法    15
3.4线网布局的效用评价指标    16
3.4.1总出行时间    16
3.4.2客流直达率    16
3.4.3线网覆盖率    16
第四章 基于新型城镇化的遂平县城乡公交线网布局方案研究    18

[资料来源:www.THINK58.com]


4.1遂平县新型城镇化发展战略    18
4.2遂平县概况    18
4.2.1区位概况    18
4.2.2经济发展情况    19
4.2.3县域城镇发展现状    20
4.2.4 人口分布情况    21
4.2.5居民出行特征    22
4.3城乡客运系统发展现状    24
4.3.1公交管理及运营现状    24
4.3.2线路现状    25
4.3.3交通客流量分析    28
4.4 线网布局    32
4.4.1中心城区公交线网布局    32
4.4.2城区一乡镇公交线网布局    34
第五章 结论与展望    36
5.1结论    36
5.2研究展望    36
参考文献    37
致谢    39 [资料来源:www.THINK58.com]