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儿童加减法教学探析

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儿童加减法教学探析(任务书,开题报告,论文5600字)
摘  要
从本世纪初开始,心理学家和教育家就一直致力于儿童数学学习特别是加减法学习的研究,这项研究有两个目的,其一是丰富和发展普遍心理学的原理,其二是指导数学教学。由于加减法问题具有结构严谨,内容清晰,较少受其他知识影响的特征,因而人们常以它为研究材料,从中可以获得有关人类基本认知过程的规律性认知,另一方面,心理学和教育学研究的最一致的目的都包含着数学。早期的研究是建立在学习定义为外部环境的直接产物的基础上,大多数的研究都把注意力放在排列简单加减法作业的难度和描述影响解题行为的外部因素上。近十几年间,认知心理学家对儿童的加减法学习产生了越来越浓厚的兴趣,大多数的研究都力图揭示不同能力水平的幼儿的认知结构过程。
本文强调兴趣和思维的重要性,借助具体的事物和直接的操作活动,获取一些粗浅的数学经验。这些经验对于他们建构抽象的数学概念是非常重要的。在学习数学的过程中,探析儿童的抽象逻辑。

关键词:儿童;加减法;教学探析

Abstract
Starting from the beginning of this century, a psychologist and educator has been working in children's mathematics learning, especially learning addition and subtraction of research, this study has two purposes, one is the enrichment and development of the principle of general psychology, and the other is the guidance of mathematics teaching. Because the structure is rigorous, content is clear, less affected by the characteristics of knowledge influences, so people often to it as research material, from can obtain the basic human cognitive process regularity cognition, on the other hand, the purpose of the research of pedagogy and psychology contains mathematical with addition and subtraction problems. The early research is based in the definition of learning based on the direct result of the external environment, most of the research to pay more attention to the arrangement of simple addition and subtraction operation difficulty and describe affect problem solving behavior of external factors. Over the past decade, cognitive psychologists have become more and more interested in children's addition and subtraction, most of the studies have tried to reveal the cognitive structure of children with different levels of ability.
In this paper, with the aid of the specific things and direct operation activities, get some superficial mathematical experience. These experiences are very important for them to construct an abstract mathematical concept. In the process of learning mathematics, the analysis of children's abstract logic.

Keywords: Children; addition and subtraction; teaching analysis

目  录
摘  要    I
Abstract    II
前  言    1
一、儿童加减法教学探析的意义    1
二、儿童加减法教学的现状    1
三、儿童加减法教学策略    1
结  论    2
参 考 文 献    3
谢  辞    4

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