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刑法视角下的婚内强奸问题研究(硕士)

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刑法视角下的婚内强奸问题研究(硕士)(论文20000字)
中文摘要
婚内强奸问题一直是备受刑法学界关注的争议性论题。所谓“婚内强奸”,是指在合法婚姻关系存续期间,丈夫违背妻子意志,以暴力、胁迫或者其他手段强行与之发生性关系的行为。在当前中国,婚内强奸作为普遍存在的客观事实已受到道德领域的谴责和否定,但在法律领域,立法、司法以及法学理论界均未就婚内强奸是否应当成为法律事实并受到刑法规制的这一问题形成一致看法。在我国,立法机构尚未将婚内强奸明确纳入到刑法文本中,理论研究成果的相对丰硕和现实立法的空白形成了鲜明的对比。笔者认为,在我国尚未将婚内强奸明确纳入到刑法法律之前,研究婚内强奸入罪问题有着重要的理论价值和社会意义。
本文运用案例实证分析手段,首先,以王卫明案件的判决案例分析的切入点,深入探讨了王卫明案件争论焦点,并从“受虐妇女综合症”是否应作为本案的量刑依据做出了深入的探讨;其次,对案件进行是适当的法理分析,主要从两个方面做了探讨,法理视角解析和刑法视角解析;再次,在解析的基础上,本文得出了强奸入罪的必要性和可行性结论;最后,鉴于我国还没有明确界定婚内强奸入罪的具体标准,本文对此提出了尝试性建议,以期能够给我国立法将婚内强奸以合理的策略指导。
笔者期待通过对刑法等理论知识理解,对婚内强奸内涵和行为作出准确界定,以此为基础展开本论题研究。论文写作以案例为出发点,从婚内强奸内涵和行为的界定入手,分析婚内强奸行为入罪依据和婚内强奸行为入罪的可行性,并在此基础上对我国婚内强奸加入刑法内容提出一些具体的建议,希望能通过以上内容的研究,提出针对婚内强奸行为的有效解决办法。

关键词:刑法视角;婚内强奸;婚姻;王卫明

Abstract
Marital rape problem has always been a highly controversial topic of criminal law educational world attention. The so-called "marital rape", refers to the legal during the duration of marriage husband against his wife will, by violence, coercion or other means to force with the sex behavior. In current China, marital rape as objective facts have been widespread in the field of moral condemnation and negative, but in the field of law, legislation, judicature and law theory has not been whether marital rape should become a legal fact and this problem by criminal law form a consensus. In our country, the legislature has not yet to include marital rape clearly in criminal law in the text, the theory research results relatively rich and practical legislation blank form bright contrast. The author thinks that, in our country has not yet to include marital rape clearly in criminal law, the marital rape into sin problem has important theoretical value and social significance.
In this paper, by means of an empirical analysis case, first of all, to Wang Weiming cases case analysis of the breakthrough point, deeply discusses the contention Wang Weiming case, and from "BWS" whether should be as in the case of sentencing on the basis of the in-depth discussion; Second, the case is the appropriate legal analysis, discussed in this paper, mainly from two aspects do legal perspective and the perspective of criminal law; Again, on the basis of the resolution, in this paper, the necessity and feasibility of rape are drawn into sin; Finally, in view of our country has not yet clearly defined the specific standard of marital rape into crime, this paper puts forward the tentative Suggestions, in order to give our country legislation will marital rape at a reasonable policy guidance.
I look forward to in understanding the theory of criminal law knowledge, make an accurate definition of marital rape connotation and behavior, on this basis, this thesis study. Essay writing case as a starting point, from the connotation and definition of behavior of marital rape, analysis of marital rape behavior into sin basis and marital rape behavior into the feasibility of sin, and on the basis of marital rape in the criminal law in our country to put forward some concrete Suggestions, hope can through the above content of the research, put forward effective solutions for marital rape behavior.

Keywords: Criminal law perspective; Marital rape. Marriage; Wang Weiming

目   录
中文摘要    2
Abstract    3
第一章 案情介绍    7
第一节 王卫明案例介绍    7
第二节 王卫明判决结果    7
第二章 案件争议焦点    8
第一节 施暴人量刑依据    8
第二节“受虐妇女综合症”是否应作为本案的量刑依据    9
一、“受虐妇女综合症”概念界定    10
二、受害人是否存在“受虐妇女综合症”    10
第三章 法理分析    11
第一节 法理视角解析    11
一、 婚内强奸事实依据    11
二、 婚内强奸法理依据    12
(一)婚内强奸构成犯罪并不违背罪行法定原则    12
(二)婚内强奸行为侵犯了法益原则    13
(三)自然权利优先于法定权利    14
第二节 刑法视角解析    14
一、符合我国刑法规定的条件    14
二、符合罪的本质原则    15
三、符合罪的构成原则    16
四、符合罪责刑相适应原则    16
第四章 案件结论    17
第一节 婚内强奸入罪的必要性    17
一、婚内强奸入罪有利于保护和尊重人权    17
二、婚内强奸入罪有利于调整婚内强奸行为    18
三、婚内强奸入罪有利于为司法提供统一的裁判标准    18
第二节 婚内强奸入罪的可行性    18
一、婚内强奸行为在一定程度上符合强奸罪    19
二、婚内强奸入罪符合国际大潮    19
三、理论发展给婚内强奸入罪提供了理论基础    20
第五章 完善建议    20
第一节 明确规定婚内强奸表现形式    20
第二节 明确设定婚内强奸量刑标准    21
第三节 明确限定婚内强奸诉讼时间    22
第四节 婚内强奸罪诉讼中的调解前置    23
第六章 结语    24
参考文献    27
致  谢    28

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